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Content about Case reports

Vol. 2 No. 2 : 2012 - Norly S et al.

Eccrine spiradenoma is a benign tumour of the sweat gland.  Eccrine glands can be found almost everywhere but are mostly concentrated on the palms, soles and the axillae.  Lesions involving the breast are rare.  We present a case of a 13-years-old Malay girl with eccrine spiradenoma of the breast.  The clinical presentation and histological features are being described.

Vol. 7 No. 2 : 2017 - Nor Amirawati A et al.

Myomectomy is rarely performed in pregnancy due to risk of miscarriage or pregnancy loss, bleeding and possible hysterectomy. Myomectomy is mainly reserved for unavoidable indications such as rapidly growing fibroid or severe pain with possiblity of red degeneration for which medical treatment failed. However, good outcome had been reported in selective second trimester myomectomies.

Vol. 7 No. 2 : 2017 - norfaidhi akram MN et al.

Breast carcinoma to the colon and rectum is rare type of metastatic spread. We report a case of colonic metastasis from a lobular carcinoma of the breast twelve years after the initial diagnosis. Accurate diagnosis and early treatment of systemic therapy can be done if awareness is increased.

Vol. 7 No. 2 : 2017 - Noor Aniah A et al.

Retinal detachment is one of the common complications of pathological myopia due to presence of retinal break. However, retinal break commonly occurs in the peripheral retina. This case report illustrates the rare incidence of retinal break adjacent to the optic disc, highlights the possible causes of poor visual outcome following surgical repair as well as the possible measures to treat the complications.

Vol. 7 No. 2 : 2017 - Muhammad Najmi K et al.

Pneumatic retinopexy is known as one of the treatment options for a specific type of retinal detachment. It is done in an office setting and may be the most cost-effective means of retinal reattachment surgery. Location and size of the retinal break remain as the major criteria for a successful outcome. We describe a case that fulfilled all except one major criteria for pneumatic retinopexy and underwent multiple procedures but failed. Fluctuation in the resolution of the retinal detachment such as in this particular case suggested possibility of early treatment failure.

Vol. 7 No. 1 : 2017 - Nurhayati A et al.

Gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) is extremely rare with reported incidence of 20 per million per year. It is the most common mesenchymal tumour of the gastrointestinal tract. When it occurs at the pelvis in a female patient, it can be misleading to a gynaecological diagnosis. Non gynaecological diagnosis such as GIST must be considered in patients with pelvic mass presenting with atypical symptoms.

Vol. 7 No. 1 : 2017 - Nur Zaiti MA et al.

Desmoplastic small round cell tumour (DSRCT) is a very rare malignant tumour which commonly presented as an intraabdominal tumour. It has a distinct histological and immunophenotypic characteristic which differentiates it from other types of small blue cell tumour such as Ewing’s sarcoma, primitive neuroectodermal tumour, neuroblastoma and malignant mesothelioma. Apart from the abdomen, it may also originate from other region of the body including the reproductive organs.

Vol. 7 No. 1 : 2017 - Muhammad Hilmi H et al.

Hematospermia is a distressing disorder in sexually active men resulting in great concern to the patient. We report an unusual case of hematospermia with an atypical presentation, involving a 54-year-old man presented with acute urinary retention after sexual intercourse. Although the causes are widely known, arteriovenous malformation as the cause of this disorder has not much been reported in the literature. Transcatheter embolization of internal pudendal artery is a promising option for hematospermia caused by arterial fistula or bleeding.